This calculator finds the series **resistor value** to be used with an LED and a **+12 Volt **supply. This resistor limits current into the diode and is required for proper operation.

It also provides **the power dissipation** in the resistor – an important number for resistor selection.

Table of Contents

**LED Resistor Calculator**

To find the resistor, enter the following for the LED

- Forward Voltage (
**Vf**) - Current (
**I**)

**LED Resistor Formula**

**R = (V-Vf)/I**

In this case **V = 12 Volt**.

**Example Calculation**

The data sheet for a diode can be used to find its forward voltage and current.

For a typical diode, **Vf = 2.2 V** and we use** I = 20 mA**.

Use these values in the calculator above to find a resistor value of **490 Ohm**. Approximately **200 mW of power** is dissipated in the resistor.

Referring to the data below only the 1206 size resistor rated at **250 mW** can be used. The others are rated lower and hence would be damaged by the amount of current through the circuit.

**Summary**

For a supply voltage of **12V** and a forward voltage of 2.2V, a **490 ohm** series resistor should be used to provide a forward current of 20 mA.