This tool calculates picosecond (**ps**) from the frequency in Giga Hertz (**GHz**).

**Calculator**

Enter the frequency in GHz.

**Formula**

The period T is the inverse of frequency f

**T (seconds) = 1/f (Hz)**

**T (seconds) = [1/f (GHz)]*10 ^{-9} **

**1 second = 10 ^{12} picoseconds**

**T (picoseconds) = 1000/f (GHz)**

**Example Calculations**

- 1 GHz is equivalent to 1000 ps
- 2 GHz is equivalent to 500 ps

**What is a Picosecond?**

A picosecond (ps) is a unit of time equal to one trillionth of a second, or 10^{-12} seconds. The prefix “pico-” denotes a factor of 10^-12, making a picosecond an extremely short duration.

**Comparison to Other Units of Time**

**Nanosecond (ns):**1 nanosecond = 1,000 picoseconds**Microsecond (µs):**1 microsecond = 1,000,000 picoseconds**Millisecond (ms):**1 millisecond = 1,000,000,000 picoseconds**Second (s):**1 second = 1,000,000,000,000 picoseconds

**Applications and Significance**

Picoseconds are used in various scientific and technological fields where very short time intervals need to be measured or specified, such as:

**Physics and Chemistry**

**Laser Physics:**The duration of ultra-short laser pulses is often measured in picoseconds. These ultra-fast pulses are used in various applications, including spectroscopy and material processing.**Molecular Dynamics:**Many processes at the atomic and molecular levels occur on the picosecond timescale. This is important in the study of chemical reactions and the behavior of molecules.

**Electronics and Computing**

**High-Speed Circuits:**The operation of high-speed digital circuits, including signal propagation delays, can be measured in picoseconds. This is crucial for the design of fast processors and communication devices.**Signal Processing:**High-frequency signals in advanced communication systems can have components that oscillate with picosecond periods.

**Telecommunications**

**Data Transmission:**In optical fiber communications, data transmission rates can reach speeds where individual bits of information are separated by picoseconds.

### Visualization

To help visualize how short a picosecond is:

**Light Travel:**Light travels approximately 0.3 millimeters (about 0.012 inches) in one picosecond.**Comparison:**A picosecond is to one second as one second is to about 31.7 million years.

**What is a GHz?**

A gigahertz (GHz) is a unit of frequency equivalent to one billion hertz (Hz). The term “hertz” represents one cycle per second, so a gigahertz signifies one billion cycles per second. The prefix “giga-” means one billion (10^9).

**Applications and Significance**

**Processor Speeds:**The clock speed of computer processors is commonly measured in gigahertz. A 3 GHz processor, for example, can perform 3 billion cycles per second.**Data Transfer Rates:**High-speed data transfer technologies, such as those used in computer networks and telecommunications, often use frequencies measured in gigahertz.

**Telecommunications**

**Wireless Communication:**Many wireless communication systems, including Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and cellular networks, operate at frequencies in the gigahertz range. For example, Wi-Fi typically operates at 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz.**Satellite Communications:**Satellite communication frequencies also fall within the gigahertz range, allowing for high-speed data transmission over long distances.

**Radio and Television Broadcasting**

**Microwave Frequencies:**Frequencies in the gigahertz range are used for microwave transmissions, including some radio and television broadcasts.

**Comparison to Other Units of Frequency**

**Kilohertz (kHz):**1 kHz = 1,000 Hz**Megahertz (MHz):**1 MHz = 1,000,000 Hz or 1,000 kHz**Gigahertz (GHz):**1 GHz = 1,000,000,000 Hz or 1,000 MHz

**Visualization**

To understand how fast a gigahertz is:

**1 GHz**represents one billion cycles per second.- If you could count one billion cycles at the rate of one cycle per second, it would take you about 31.7 years to reach one billion.

In summary, gigahertz is a unit of frequency widely used in various technological and scientific fields to denote very high-speed cycles or oscillations, particularly in computing, telecommunications, and broadcasting.

**Related Calculators**

- GHz to ns
- GHz to ms
- GHz to fs