# RMS Current Calculator

Root Mean Square (RMS) current, often denoted as IRMS, is equal to the value of direct current (DC) that produces the same power dissipation in a resistive load.

## Calculator

To find the RMS current enter

• Average Power
• Resistance

(use the drop down menu to select the units).

## Formula

RMS values are commonly used in AC circuit analysis because they allow us to use equivalent DC values in calculations involving power, voltage, and resistance. In an AC circuit, the formula for RMS current is therefore given by the formula:

IRMS = √(Pavg/R)

Where:

• Pavg is the average power in watts (W)
• IRMS is the RMS current in Amperes (A)
• R is the resistance in Ohms (Ω)

## Example Calculation

For an average power value of 10 Watt and 100 ohm resistance, the RMS current is calculated to be 316 mA.

## RMS Current from data

Enter the values of current separated by commas to calculate the RMS current.

## Peak current to RMS current

In the formula used for the calculator above, the current is calculated from the average power. This is independent of the waveform.

For a sinusoindal waveform, RMS current is calculated from the peak current using the following formula (or calculator below)

IRMS = IPEAK / √2

Where:

• IRMS is the RMS current (in Amperes, A).
• IPEAK is the peak current (also in Amperes), which is the maximum value of the current waveform in the AC circuit.

To find the RMS current, you first determine the peak current (the highest value the current reaches during one cycle of the AC waveform) and then divide it by the square root of 2 (approximately 1.4142).

Using RMS values in AC calculations simplifies the analysis and ensures that results are comparable to those obtained in DC circuits.

## Why use RMS Current?

In an AC circuit, the current continuously changes direction and magnitude, unlike direct current (DC), which flows steadily in one direction. RMS current is a way to represent the effective or equivalent current in an AC circuit, which produces the same heating effect as a steady DC current.